When you think about the hospital, it’s not just the cost of taking care of one patient. When we have a patient who has a resistant bug, we have to be very careful to ensure that it is not spread within the hospital, which means all the healthcare workers have to wear what we call “protective clothing”. They have to think about how they go into this room that has this patient; how they interact with the patient and come out of the room. And there’s always that risk that it may be spread to other patients, which is truly disastrous to a hospital in that context. As we get bugs that are increasingly resistant, it means that the Ministries of Health have to rethink the sorts of antibiotics that are stocked in a country. And that comes with a significant cost.

Dr. Loice Ombajo, University of Nairobi