1. Increased exposure to AMR pathogens in care work professions relegated to women.
2. Biological factors increase risk of urinary tract infections and need for antibiotic use.
3. Pregnancy, childbirth, and abortion augment women’s risk of infections and the severity of some sexually transmitted infections.
4. Gender biased diagnosing increases the prescription rates of antibiotics to women compared to men.


Global gender inequality drives AMR.