Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)

AMR occurs when pathogens become resistant to current medications, such as antibiotics, making infections harder to treat and increasing disease spread and severity.

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics

This type of antibiotic is used when a bacterial infection is suspected, but the type of bacteria is unknown or when an infection is suspected to be caused by multiple kinds of bacteria.

Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

This type of antibiotic is effective against a specific group of bacteria. The bacteria causing the infection must be identified to determine a corresponding narrow-spectrum antibiotic treatment.