Longitudinal data on learning outcomes, vital for informing education and health policy, is lacking in low- and middle-income settings. To address this gap, since 2015, One Health Trust researchers have routinely collected data from youths participating in the Magic Bus Foundation’s programs.

The Study

The Magic Bus Foundation India, a sports program that annually serves 270,000 adolescent children in 11 states, offers a curriculum focused on cognitive and noncognitive skills and preventive health care. To assess its benefits and analyze longitudinal learning outcomes and attitudes toward gender equality, researchers collected baseline data from 20,000 participants (ages eight to 14 years) in a randomized control trial in 2015. A 2018 survey gathered data from 10,000 previous participants, who are being surveyed again in 2022.




  • Hervé, J., Mani, S., Behrman, J. R., Nandi, A., Lamkang, A. S., & Laxminarayan, R. (2022). Gender gaps in cognitive and noncognitive skills among adolescents in India. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 193, 66-97. Available here.